Training Schedule

Tea Cultivation :

One day on campus training programme on ‘New Planting in Tea’

Agricultural Engineering:
One day on campus training programme on ‘Tea Tasting’

Horticulture:
One day on campus training programme on ‘Exotic Vegetable cultivation’

Home Science:
One month on campus training programme on ‘Wool Knitting’

Soil Science & Plant Protection:
One day on campus training programme on ‘Organic farming’

Archives
    XV SAC

Traditional vegetable


Potato (Solanum tuberosum)


The following potato variety are grown well under Nilgiri conditions Kufri jyothi, Kufri swarna, Kufri muthu, Kufri giriraj, Kufri giridhari.  The optimum fertiliser dosage is N-120 kg, P-240 kg, K-120 kg, FYM-15 tons,  Azospirillum 2 kg, Phosphobacteria 2 kg. The pest attack and disease attack is the major problem in potato especially White grub and Tuber moth.  Similarly the late blight disease also affects the productivity. In general integrated pest management (IPM) control the pest and disease.  The average yield is 15 to 20 ton/ha and the cost benefit ratio is 1:1.40


CARROT (Daucus carota)


The following carrot varieties are generally planted in Nilgiri condition Ooty-1, Early nantes, New Karoda, Samson, Takila.  The optimum fertiliser dosage is 30 tons, FYM N- 90 kg, P-90 kg, K, 90 kg, 25 kg ZnSO4, NPK  45 x 45 x 45 after 45 days. Nematode problem is main problem in carrot and it reduce the yield drastically. The average yield are 25 - 30 ton/ha and the cost benefit ratio is 1:1.60. 


 CABBAGE  (Brassica oleraceae var. Capitata)


Quisto and Maharani varieties are mainly cultivated under Nilgiri conditions. The seed rate is 650 g/ha. The following dosage are FYM N-90 kg, P – 90 kg, K – 90 kg applied to soil at 30 days intervals. Club root, Leaf spot, Leaf blight, Downy mildew disease are mainly affected the growth and yield. Integrated disease management reduce the disease attack. Similarly Cut worm, Aphids, Diamond back moth pest attack are also reduce the yield drastically.  The average yield is 70 – 80 ton/ha and cost benefit ratio is 1:1.50


CAULIFLOWER (Brassica oleraceae Var. Botrytis)


Ooty – 1, Pusadapoli and Snowmistique varieties are grown under Nilgiri climatic conditions.  The optimum fertiliser dosage is FYM N-90 kg, P – 90 kg, K – 90 kg at 45 days interval.  The suitable spcing is 45 X 45 cm and seed rate is 375 g/ha. Clubroot, Leaf spot and  Leaf blight disease are mainly affected the yield. The average yield is 20 to 30ton/ha with cost benefit ratio is 1:1.70.


BEETROOT (Beta vulgaris)


The following varieties are grown well under Nilgiri conditions namely Ooty – 1, Crimson globe and redball.  The optimum fertiliser dosages are 20 ton FYM, N – 60 kg, P – 160 kg, K – 100 kg and seed rate is 6kg/ha.  Leaf spot and rootrot are main disease in beetroot. The average yield is 20 to 25 ton/ha with cost benefit ratio is 1:1.50.


RADISH (Rhaphanus sativus)


Nilgiris Red, Japanese long, Pusa rashmi and Arka nishant varieties are cultivated in Nilgiri.  The optimum spcing is 15 X10 cm and seed rate is 10 kg/ha. The optimum fertiliser dosage is 20 tons FYM, N – 25 kg, P – 100 kg, K – 50 kg.Aphids and flee beetles are main pest problem in radish cultivation.  The optimum yield is 20 to 30 ton/ha with cost benefit ratio is 1:1.25.


KNOOL KHOOL (Brassica calorapa)

 

White Vienna and Purple Vienna varities are mainly planted in Nilgiri conditions. The optimum spacing is 30 X25 cm and seed rate is 1.5 kg/ha. Leaf spot and crown rot are main disease and affected the yield .  The optimum fertiliser dosage is  FYM 30t/ha, 180 : 120 : 100 kg NPK/ha. The average yield is 20 to 25 ton/ha with cost benefit ratio of 1:1.60


TURNIP (Brassica rapa)


Purple top, Snow ball and Pusa Chandrima are popularised varities in turnip.  The optimum fertiliser dosage are FYM – 30ton,  90:125:100 kg NPK/ha, 90 kg N as top dressing.  The optimum spcing is 30 X 15 cm and seed rate is 4 kg/ha.  Aphids attack is main problem in turnip and rust and crownrot disease also main problem.  Both pest and disease attack mainly affected the yield drastically. The mean yield is 20 to 25 ton/ha with cost benefit ratio of 1.40


PEAS (Pisium sativum)


Ooty – 1, Bonneville, Azad and Arkel varieties are mainly cultivated under Nilgiri conditions.  The optimum fertiliser dosage is 20 tons FYM,  N – 60 kg, P – 80 kg, K – 70 kg.   Aphids and Pod borer disease are main problem in peas.  Approximately 8 to 12 ton peas were harvested per ha and cost benefiti ratio is 1:2.20.


CHOW CHOW (Sechium edule)


It is a perennial crop.  Green fruited and  white fruited varieties are mainly cultivated under Nilgiri conditions.   The optimum fertiliser dosage is 250 g urea /pit, 100g No 4 mixture once in three months. Aphids and mealy bugs are main pests in chow chow. Mosaic disease also drastically reduces the yield. The average yield is 25 to 30 ton/ha with cost benefit ratio is 1:2.5.

 

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